Project Management

What is the difference between Agile and Waterfall methods?

Agile and Waterfall are both software development methodologies. Waterfall is a traditional method that has the following steps:

1)Requirements
2)Design
3)Development
4)Integration
5)Testing
6)Deployment.

The Agile manifesto on the other hand is “Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Responding to change over following a plan”. Following is the text of the original 12 Principles, published in 2001 by the Agile Alliance:

1. Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
2. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage.
3. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale.
4. Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project.
5. Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done.
6. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation.
7. Working software is the primary measure of progress.
8. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely.
9. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility.
10. Simplicity — the art of maximizing the amount of work not done — is essential.
11. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
12. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.

These Agile Principles provide practical guidance for development teams.
Another way of organizing the 12 Principles is to consider them in the following four distinct groups:

1)Customer satisfaction
2)Quality
3)Teamwork
4)Project management

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_software_development

Popular Agile Methods:
1) Kanban
2) Scrum
3) Lean
4) Extreme


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